Gorontalo, Transformasi--Indonesia is one of the countries that is vulnerable to the impact of climate change. Based on the study from Asian Development Bank (ADB) in 2014, this vulnerability has the potential to cause 6-7 percent loss to its GDP per year. Therefore, the integration of climate change adaptation into the development plan, especially at the local level, must be done as soon as possible.
Senior Advisor of Transformasi, Sarwono Kusumaatmadja, at the press conference in the office of Gorontalo District Head (3/7), said that the local development plan is vital in anticipating the impact of climate change, considering that local development is the front line of national development in the local autonomy system currently being implemented in Indonesia.
Law Number 23 Year 2014 on Local Government has also mandated that government affairs in the area of environment is a mandatory affair. Such government’s environmental affair has 7 (seven) sub areas, where the division of role/duties between the national government, provincial government, and district/city government is included within each area.
Related to that, Sarwono said that Transformasi is committed to assist the Government of Gorontalo District to develop a Climate Change Adaptation (API) strategy and integrate it into the local development plan. This program is implemented with the support of Bappenas through Indonesian Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF), which will be in effect as of today until February 2017.
Gorontalo District is selected as the location of this program because it is one of the areas in Indonesia that is most vulnerable to climate change, according to Program Director of Transformasi, Nazla Mariza. In addition, this consideration is based on initial data of Vulnerability Assessment Study in Gorontalo Province conducted by the National Board for Climate Change (Dewan Nasional Perubahan Iklim) in 2011. Another important factor is the recently elected new leadership in Gorontalo District who has a high attention to the environment.
Furthermore, Nazla said that this program has two objectives. First is to increase understanding on the impact of climate change for the Gorontalo District Government as a whole, including executive and legislative branch, representatives of the Provincial Government, and key institutions in local economic planning and development, such as Bappeda Gorontalo. The target for this objective also includes the elements of community and businesses. Second is to improve the capacity of targeted local government to develop climate change adaptation strategy along with stakeholders and integrate it into the local development plan.
“We hope that we can work together with the local government and various relevant stakeholders, such as universities, NGOs, private sector, media, and vulnerable people to jointly prepare an API strategy that is in line with the needs and priority at the local level,” said Nazla.
It is expected that this API integration process will become a lesson learned for other regions and for provincial government and national government, triggering similar process in other regions in Indonesia.
The District Head of Gorontalo, Dr. Nelson Pomalingo, is open to the plan to integrate API into the local development plan in District of Gorontalo. The same commitment has also been emphasized by the local Bappeda, as the agency implementing coordination function in planning in agriculture, infrastructure, fisheries, and health sector.
Nelson expects this program to improve the capacity of Local Working Units (SKPD), and other officials related to the development of climate change adaptation strategy and its integration into the local development plan in the region. “Let’s hope Gorontalo District can be a role model for other local governments in Indonesia,” he said.
About the Center for Public Policy Transformasion (Transformasi)
The establishment of The Center for Public Policy Transformation in Indonesia (Transformasi, in Indonesian) in 2014 was driven by the vision to contribute to the process of decentralization through strengthening the credibility, responsibility, transparency and accountability of local governments in order for them to govern more effectively through effective policies. The organization’s mission is to promote knowledge, evidence, and best practices as the basis of the policy-making process and encourage deliberative involvement of stakeholders in the process.
Transformasi works with think tank groups to conduct policy research and case study analysis, and facilitate policy forum involving mayors and district heads in order to identify the best possible recommendations for policy makers. Transformasi is committed to building awareness of policy makers, particularly at the local level, recognizing the importance of good information to address critical issues, deepening their understanding of existing problems and using such evidence to explore alternative policy options for an improved decision making.
The Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF) is a key instrument of the Government of Indonesia in achieving its mitigation and adaptation targets, supporting both RAN/RAD-GRK as well as RAN-API implementation. Through leveraging and channeling of domestic resources and international funds into projects aligned with Indonesia’s RAN/RAD-GRK implementation plan, the ICCTF supports Indonesia’s emission reduction target of 29% independently and 41% with international assistance by 2030. The ICCTF is the only national trust fund dedicated to climate finance in Indonesia equipped with a governmental mandate. Further information is available in http://www.icctf.or.id