Indonesia, with a population of 269 million people (2019), an area of 7.9 million square meters of which 75% are territorial waters and 25% other are land, is known as one of the countries with the largest marine mega-biodiversity in the world.

Indonesian waters are home to 8,500 species of fish, including 37% of the world's fish species, 555 species of algae and 950 species of coral reef biota. These marine and fisheries resources contribute greatly to the world's food availability, and must therefore be protected and preserved in order to be used sustainably.

Transformasi, with funding from the Packard Foundation since 2014, has made efforts to support the government in promoting a sustainable marine and fisheries ecosystem.

The currently ongoing program consists of the writing of "Marine Economics" chapter for the Indonesia Kaya book, in collaboration with the Rajawali Foundation.


To provide insights to the Indonesian Government by producing comprehensive information on the current situation and characteristics of fisheries and the sea, and their role for the Indonesian economy.

Research results and recommendations related to the marine environment and fisheries can be downloaded in Publications - Policy Briefs - Maritime Affairs and Fisheries.