According to an FAO report (2018), Indonesia is the world's second largest producer of capture fisheries after China. With a capture fisheries production volume reaching 6.11 million tons in 2016, fishing has become one of the sectors capable of making a significant contribution to the Indonesian economy. However, a number of challenges in fisheries management require the government to take seriously ways to overcome them, including the ongoing widespread practice of illegal fishing, conflicts over the use of fishing gear, and uneven relations between the central government and the provincial, district and city governments.