Marine and Fisheries

Foreword from Transformasi Executive Director

The ongoing development of marine and fisheries sector has yielded positive results. Dynamic changes occurring at the global and national sphere demand real acceleration on the development of the national marine and fisheries sector so that it is able to adjust and address these rapidly growing strategic environmental challenges. However, the industry is still facing various issues from multiple aspects, such as sub-optimal production level, insufficient infrastructure availability, export that is dominated by raw materials, and governance issues that have yet to be fully integrated.

With sea area reaching 70% of the total area of Indonesia, the contribution of marine and fisheries sector to our Gross Domestic Product (GDP) remains under 3%. Yet, the fisheries industry is expected to be the sector that will be able to improve our economic growth, behind tourism.

There are at least four issues and challenges regarding the national fisheries industrial policy, namely: First, low production quality, quantity, and continuity. This is caused by the dominance of Micro, Small, and Medium Scale Businesses (UMKM) working within the fisheries industry.

Second, inadequate accessibility and availability of infrastructures. This issue arises due to the fact that most of our production facilities are located in remote areas. Sufficient supply of electricity, for example, is crucial for cold chain system, such as cold storage, air blast freezer, contact plate, ice flake machine, and so on.

Third, despite export data showing an increase from 2013 to 2015, currently fisheries export is still dominated by raw materials.
Fourth, the national fisheries industrial policy is not developing as expected due to the low quality of policy governance.

Therefore, the Center for Public Policy Transformation (Transformasi) provides four recommendations to address the above mentioned issues, namely reviewing to all fisheries regulations, strengthening cold chain system, reforming investment friendly business services, and promoting sustainable investment.

Hopefully our recommendations in this policy brief can be beneficial for all policy makers and stakeholders in the fisheries sector, such as academics, observers, private sector, and people who care about national fisheries.


Santi Evelyna

Link for Download: The Right Policies to Accelerate the National Fisheries Industry Development